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April 15, 2018


Legislative Update
Reserve Chiefs Updates
Army Update

Naval Services Update
Air Force Update

Military Life
Jobs on the Hill
Law Reviews

Henry J. Reilly Scholarship Program for the
2018-19 Academic Year is Open

The Henry J. Reilly Scholarship Program for the 2018-19 Academic Year is now open. Applications are due by April 18, 2018, at 11:59 PM Pacific Time Zone.

The applicant portal link is

In its second year within ROA’s program of revitalizing, for academic year 2017-2018, ROA will award up to twenty $2500 scholarships to students pursuing courses of study leading to certificate, associate, bachelor, and graduate degrees.

“We are excited to offer up to twice as many Henry J. Reilly scholarships this year as last,” said ROA’s President, retired USAF Lt. Col. Donald Stockton. “General Reilly prized education and one of ROA’s priorities is helping members with professional development and self-improvement. This program is of great benefit to ROA members and their families.” READ MORE >

Legislative Update

Senator meets with Missouri Reserve Officers Association, continues advocacy for Missouri’s military installations and servicemembers

U.S. Senator Claire McCaskill meets with members of the Missouri ROA department, including ROA national president Don Stockton.

The ROA legislative team is still receiving positive feedback from Members of Congress and their staff over recent “Storm the Hill” visits by ROA members who attended the National Council and Leaders Conference 18-20 March in Washington, DC.

The ROA visits also generated positive results in terms of congressional sponsorship of recommended legislation, one-on-one discussions regarding ROA’s legislative priorities, and press releases (READ MORE)>.

As a follow-up to the “after action reports” submitted by Hill visits, ROA is contacting each of the visited offices to personally thank them for the appointments and offer further information pertaining to ROA’s legislative priorities. Those priorities for the second session of the 115th Congress include (1) conferring federal hiring preference for RC members, (2) developing a DD-214 type of statement to be issued upon separation for the RC, and (3) making permanent the federal biennial appropriation for military personnel (MilPers).

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Where are the veterans in the federal workforce?

Federal government representatives talk about their commitment in hiring veterans, but how well do they really do? Not bad, actually.

In fiscal 2016 (the latest year for which data is available), roughly one-quarter to one-half of the workers at the largest agencies, such as the departments of Defense and Homeland Security, are military veterans,
according to the Office of Personnel Management.

Other agencies, including some of the relatively smaller ones, such as AID and EPA, employ a significantly smaller percentage of veterans.

There’s been relatively little variation from fiscal 2014 to 2016. Overall, 31.1 percent of federal workers were veterans in fiscal 2016, only a slight bump from 2012 when veterans made up 29.7 percent of the workforce.

One of ROA’s legislative priorities this year is confer veteran status for purposes of federal hiring veterans’ preference on Reserve Component members after 180 “cumulative” days on active duty versus “consecutive” days on active duty. Passage of this will enable more RC members to gain veterans’ preference for federal hiring purposes.

As we know, Reserve and Guard members meet operational requirements by performing duty on a frequent basis, but often for short periods of time. Because DOD limits many mobilizations to 179 days or less, many reservists complete an entire career without serving the 180 consecutive days needed for veteran status per Title 5 U.S.C. 2108 - even though they may have aggregated several years of active service.

This occurs, in part, because duty over 180-days triggers eligibility for a Permanent Change of Station (PCS) move. The services want to avoid the associated cost with a PCS. This cost avoidance technique in turn prevents Guard and Reserve members from being put on the 180-day or more orders needed to achieve “veteran” status for purposes of veterans federal hiring preference --an unintended second order effect.

The ROA proposal establishes equity between the Reserve and Active Components in fulfilling a 180-day requirement for veteran status. This proposal does it in a manner that reflects how the services use the Guard and Reserve for shorter periods of time to meet peacetime operations and surge requirements.

Reserve Component Mobilizations — By the Numbers
(as of 10 April 2018 )

The Department of Defense publishes contingency activations of the Reserve Components on a weekly basis. When DoD considered stopping the contingency reporting earlier in 2017, ROA was instrumental in pressing DoD to keep it as a reporting requirement. This information is important because Congress uses this information to gauge how the Reserve Component is being used for operational missions which results in authorizations and appropriations.

Additionally, this report reminds the President and Congress that the Reserve Component is still being used for contingency activations despite years of drawdowns in Iraq and Afghanistan.

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Reserve Chiefs Updates
The Reserve Service Chiefs and the Office of the Secretary Of Defense have traditionally provided service updates, which were printed in The Officer magazine. Throughout the spring we will publish these 2018 updates here in The Reserve Voice. We thank the chiefs and OSD for providing these timely updates. In this issue we feature updates from the Commander, U.S. Marine Corps Forces Reserve and Marine Forces Northern Command

Ready to Augment, Reinforce and Support

LT. GEN. Rex C. McMillian
Commander, U.S. Marine Corps Forces Reserve and Marine Forces Northern Command

After 100 years, Marine Forces Reserve is Still Ready to Meet Unpredictable Threats

The Marine Corps is an expeditionary force that demands we be ready to go at a moment’s notice. When our nation’s leaders break the glass and pull the alarm, we are expected to respond immediately. The public expects quick, decisive action from its Marines, and it does not matter whether they are active duty or reserve. We do not differentiate. All Marines, whether reserve or active component, are disciplined, focused and lethal. We are a Total Force, and we must be ready to go at all times. As the Commandant of the Marine Corps has stressed, we are one Marine Corps. READ MORE >

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Army Reserve Update

National Guard troops head to the border, paid for by the Pentagon

As many as 4,000 National Guard personnel will be headed to the U.S.-Mexico border, paid for by the federal government, the Associated Press reported Friday night.

Defense Secretary Jim Mattis approved the use of Defense Department funds to pay for the troops to perform border security operations. “Tonight (8 APR 2018), National Guard troops are deploying to support border security missions along the U.S. southwest border,” Mattis and Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen said in a joint statement. “Working closely with the border governors, the Department of Homeland Security identified security vulnerabilities that could be addressed by the National Guard.”

The Pentagon is standing up an operations cell to assist with border security and looking at options to fortify border barrier at military installation in Arizona. Although the federal government will be paying for the operations through September 30, 2018” ― the end of the current fiscal year ― the troops will be under the “command and control of their respective governors,” according to Mattis’ order,

While the National Guard personnel will be performing border security operations, they will not “perform law enforcement activities or interact with migrants or other persons detained by [Department of Homeland Security] personnel” without Mattis’ approval. Arming of the troops “will be limited to circumstances that might require self-defense.” READ MORE>

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West Virginia National Guard using Cybersecurity skills to protect integrity of 2018 midterm elections

Election officials concerned about malign forces hacking voting-related systems have an unexpected resource to draw upon: the National Guard. Guard soldiers in several states are already using their cybersecurity civilian skills to protect the upcoming 2018 elections.

Not all states have National Guard cybersecurity units. But so far, at least a handful of states are deploying those who are capable. For example, the West Virginia National Guard has been called upon to help make sure the 2018 elections are more secure. READ MORE>

As we all know, cybersecurity has taken center stage in American elections. In the past, the job of an election official meant making sure there are enough ballots and keeping lines of voters moving along at polling places. The job changed after Russian-backed hackers tried to break into election-related systems in 2016. It is reported that it happened in at least 21 states.

The Reserve Component (RC) is positioned to address these cybersecurity threats and augment the Total Force’s cyber capabilities. Given cyberspace’s complexity, the central foundation to a strong, robust, cyber strategy is talented personnel. The RC can provide this highly-qualified talent in comparison to their active duty counterparts.

RC members in their civilian capacities are employed in the information and communications technology (ICT) sector where much of today’s cyber innovation takes place. Therefore, the RC can stay abreast of the rapid changes taking place in the cyber sector and can use that knowledge when called up for duty. In addition, Reservists and National Guard members are given advanced cyber training in the private sector, which the Defense Department can employ without having to invest the time and resources to train themselves in foundational cyber skills. This allows for cost-savings and often-times, better training than could be provided through a DoD IT training program.

ROA has been on the forefront to highlight the importance of “marrying” cybersecurity and Reserve Component capabilities. In fact, in the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) 2018, ROA was successful in inserting legislative language to increase the number of RC participation slots for cyber training and to expand the cyber mission for the RC in the Total Force. In addition, ROA co-hosted within the last 18-months a joint cyber strategy seminar with ENGAUS and NGAUS to examine key challenges were facing the National Guard and Reserve in the cyber mission. Speakers included military officers from the Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, Navy, and the National Guard Bureau. Each provided insightful perspectives on what each of their individual services is doing to meet the cyber mission.

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Naval Services Update

USCGR Command and Staff post-graduate program solicitation message

This message solicits applicants for postgraduate opportunities at the Department of Defense’s Command and Staff Colleges. Each year the Coast Guard sends officers to the Air Command and Staff College, the Army Command and General Staff College, the College of Naval Command and Staff, and the Marine Corps Command and Staff College. These 10-month resident programs offer outstanding opportunities for professional development.

All graduates earn a Master’s Degree and Joint Professional Military Education Level 1 (JPME-1) credit. READ MORE>

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Coast Guard, Marines Join Navy in Concerns over Sleep Deprivation

Senior enlisted leaders from the three sea services recently said that they continue to look at ways to ensure personnel get proper rest as a way of preventing future tragedies such as the two deadly ship collisions in the Pacific last summer.

The Navy has taken steps to get sailors more sleep, implementing new schedules designed to guarantee more consistent rest after the destroyers USS Fitzgerald and USS John S. McCain collided with commercial ships in separate, deadly incidents last year.

U.S. Military leaders have often pushed the limits of their troops' mental and physical endurance when it’s required to accomplish a mission. But Navy investigations into the Fitzgerald and McCain collisions cited fatigue as a contributing factor in the disasters.

Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy Steven Giordano said Wednesday that leaders must constantly keep in mind that a sailor's life at sea is filled with "time spent operating on those platforms, the time spent training, the time spent qualifying and the time spent doing all the other things they want to be able to achieve ... and that is demanding, so what can we do better to help them manage that time a little bit better?"

"It's important that sailors get sleep; the science will tell you that you have got go have a certain number of hours of sleep to be capable of performance," Giordano told an audience at the Sea, Air and Space exposition Wednesday.

Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Ronald Green said his service is paying more attention to the diet, sleep schedule and fitness of Marines to ensure readiness and prevent accidents. "It's the sleep, it's the fitness -- mental, physical and, I say, spiritual fitness," Green said.

Spiritual fitness "for us is what bonds us together and causes us to be willing to go out and be willing to die for one another, to be willing to die for the nation, to be willing to die for people we never know from other nations," Green said, emphasizing again "what … we eat, fitness and sleep."

Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard Steven Cantrell said hurricane-relief operations typically have Coast Guard personnel working 80 to 90 hours straight. Members of the Coast Guard all realize that they joined "a humanitarian service, and they don't want to see people suffering," Cantrell said, adding that leaders have to be concerned if "they are going to expend all their energy ... because they are so devoted to a mission."

"Each of our sea services operates in an unforgiving environment; the sea is a terrible thing," Cantrell said. "It doesn't let up, and if you are not prepared for it, it can hurt you. We have lost Coast Guard personnel many times in tragic accidents.” Leaders have to watch their subordinates, Cantrell said.

"Do they get enough sleep? Do they have problems at home? We have to be mindful of that," he said. "Those are the kinds of things that keep me up at night."

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Air Force Update

Lockheed Martin Delivers California Air National Guard’s First Rescue Tanker Aircraft

The force multiplying capability of aerial refueling the HH-60G from the MC-130P makes these two aircraft an outstanding search and rescue team. As a result, the 129th RQW is often tasked to utilize its refueling capability to perform long-range search and rescue missions over land and water. While performing civilian search and rescue missions, 129th crews are honing their combat mission skills. Since the 129th RQW's designation as a rescue unit in 1975, Guardsmen have saved more than 1000 lives.

Lockheed recently announced they delivered the California Guard's, 128th Rescue Wing, their first combat search and rescue tanker aircraft. The new tanker will replace the MC-130P currently used to refuel the HH-60G. The 129th has saved more than 1000 lives since 1975 when they were designated as a rescue unit. READ MORE >

The force multiplying capability of aerial refueling the HH-60G from the MC-130P makes these two aircraft an outstanding search and rescue team. As a result, the 129th RQW is often tasked to utilize its refueling capability to perform long-range search and rescue missions over land and water. While performing civilian search and rescue missions, 129th crews are honing their combat mission skills. Since the 129th RQW's designation as a rescue unit in 1975, Guardsmen have saved more than 1000 lives.

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Wing pays tribute to fallen pararescuemen during memorial

The 308th Rescue Squadron said a final goodby to two of the seven Airmen killed in an HH-60G Pave Hawk helicopter crash in Anbar Province, Iraq, March 15, 2018. Recently, Chief Master Sergeant Shane Smith spoke about the squadrons loss at ROA National Council and Leaders Conference. He reminded the attendees that the loss of Master Sgt. William Posch and Staff Sgt. Carl Enis was a tragedy for their families and their fellow servicemembers in the squadron. (U.S. Air Force photo by Phil Sunkel) READ MORE >

Military Life

Arlington National Cemetery Survey

The Arlington National Cemetery has released a second survey that is asking for responses on the future of burials at Arlington National Cemetery. This follow-up survey is being done to gain further insight into what our servicemembers, Veterans, families, and citizens believe.

In approximately 23 years, Arlington National Cemetery will run out of space and no longer be an active cemetery. The Army has been asked by Congress to consider what might be done to preserve ANC as an active military cemetery well into the future, or for generations to come. READ HERE

The survey can be shared and/or accessed on the cemetery's website at:

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100 Cities Designated for 100 WWI Memorials

The U.S. World War I Centennial Commission and the Pritzker Military Museum and Library have awarded 50 grants to 50 cities as part of the 100 WWI Memorials established across the country. A list of the cities is available on-line and includes Washington, D.C.’s “National World War I Memorial at Pershing Park”.

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Jobs on the Hill
Three good sources for legislative related job opportunities

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Law Reviews:
Legal analysis on the issues impacting your life in and out of uniform

Former Service Member’s Law Center director, retired USNR Capt. Sam Wright, provides periodic law review updates. Please see ROA’s Law Center webpage for more information on service members’ law.

No. 18030 Great New Federal Circuit Case about Paid Military Leave for Federal Employees
No. 18031 I Think that I Am Entitled to Reemployment under State Law although I Will Be beyond USERRA’s Five-Year Limit
No. 18032 The Railroad Retirement Board’s Treatment of Absence from Work for Military Service or Training Is Inconsistent with USERRA, But Unfortunately USERRA Does Not Apply
No. 18033 National Guard Technicians Are Precluded from Receiving Paid Military Leave while Performing “Active Guard and Reserve Duty” But Not while Performing Other Kinds of Military Service
No. 18034 Right to Civilian Pension Credit for Military Service Prior to the Enactment of USERRA in 1994
No. 18035 More on the “Cooling Off Period” Required of a new Military Retiree Starting a new Civil Service Job for DOD

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To publish your reunion notice in Reserve Voice, email or send by mail to
ROA Reunion Notice
1 Constitution Ave NE
Washington, DC 20002

USS Carpenter DD825
Dates: April 19-23, 2018
Location: Ramada Inn, San Diego, CA
Contact: Jimmie Kennedy
Ph: 714-776-4019 email:

USS San Marcos (LSD-25) Reunion

Dates: May 4-6, 2018 • Sheraton Society Hill, Philadelphia, PA
Contact: Jack Lieberman

Reunion for member of 311th Evac Hosp of Bismarck, Minot and Fargo, ND US Army Reserve.
Where: Bismarck, ND
When: June 15, 16 & 17, 2018
Contact; David Becker at
Note: Unit was viable from early 1940s through 1990/s. Mobilized once to the Persian Gulf in 1991.

77th Armor Regiment Reunion
Dates: June 21-24, 2018
Location: Hilton El Conquistador Resort
10000 N. Oracle Rd., Tuscon, AZ 85704.
Registration forms:
Contact: Robert L. Basner, 989-624-4593; e mail:

Society of the First Infantry Division, "Big Red One" 2018 Reunion

Dates: August 1-5, 2018
Location: Westin Lombard, Ambler PA 19002
Contact: • PH 215-654-1969

U.S.S. John R. Craig DD885
Dates: September 5-9, 2018
Location: Bloomington, Minnesota
Contact: Jerry Chwalek
Email: • 734-525-1469

Army, 1st Signal Brigade (Vietnam & Korea)
5-9 September 2018
Location: Menger Hotel, San Antonio, TX.
POC: John Keenan • (913) 633-2639 •

USS NIMITZ (CVN-68) Association 21st Shipmates' Reunion
Dates:12-16 September 2018
Location: Courtyard Marriott, 1001 Intrepid Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19112
(Historic Navy Yard, Philadelphia)
POC: Tim Gildea, (215) 480-4260,
Note: Open to present and past members of ship's crew, Marine Detachment, embarked staffs, specialty detachments, and air wing. Reunion participants may bring guests.
Information & Registration form:

USS Taylor (DD/DDE-468)

Dates: 07-11 October, 2018 • Location: Colorado Springs, CO
POC: CDR James G. O'Neill USNR-RET
Email: • Phone: 804-212-8911

Patron Four Five Association (VP-45) 15th Biennial Reunion
Dates: October 24-28, 2018 • Location: Grand Hotel, Pensacola, Florida
POC: Doug "Pooh Bear" Mitchell (President)
Phone: 678-650-7500Email:

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