- Law Center
A: The short answer is under a recently passed law active duty service members (including reserve components on annual training) will get paid, but inactive duty members (including reserve components on weekend drill training) will not.
Congress passed H.R.3210 “Pay Our Military Act”, on Oct. 1, authorizes service members on “active service” to be paid during the government shutdown. The act provides that:
(a) In General- There are hereby appropriated for fiscal year 2014, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for any period during which interim or full-year appropriations for fiscal year 2014 are not in effect--
(1) such sums as are necessary to provide pay and allowances to members of the Armed Forces (as defined in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code), including reserve components thereof, who perform active service during such period;[underline included by ROA]
Active service includes active duty and full time National Guard duty. It is important to note that active duty is different from "active status. Active status includes any member of the reserve component not on an inactive status list or in the Retired Reserve. Active duty applies to reservists on full-time active duty (including annual training, but not weekend drill periods). Full time National Guard duty is any training or other duty, other than inactive duty (which includes weekend drill periods), during which the Guardsman rates pay from the federal government.
The Army and Navy have put out policy outlines before the law was passed, but the services will still determine who will be paid, when. ROA is providing feed back to the offices of Reserve Chiefs, but service leaders are the final determiners of how money will be allocated. Bottom line is individual Reserve our guard members who have annual training (AT), active duty for training orders (ADT), or Active Duty for Special Work (ADSW or ADOS) orders that start Oct. 1 or later should contact your gaining command or operational support (or training) officer to get confirmation.
On Tuesday, the House introduced and passed, H.R. 370. The new bill, now up for consideration in the Senate, provides funding for continuing several government functions during the shutdown. Among them is the provision to fund inactive duty training (IADT) overlooked by the previously accepted H.R. 3210, Pay our Military Act.
From the H.R. 370: “providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 3230) making continuing appropriations during a Government shutdown to provide pay and allowances to members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces who perform inactive-duty training during such period”
But don’t bank on passage, Senate leadership has stated that they are not interested in piecemeal legislation to partially end government shutdown.